If pursuing antibody testing to determine autoimmune diabetes mellitus (DM), perform at least two antibody tests. In most cases, use glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody in combination with another antibody test. Other antibody tests include Islet Antigen-2 (IA-2) Autoantibody (3001499), Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Antibody (2001771), Insulin Antibody (0099228), and Zinc Transporter 8 Antibody (2006196). Most useful to establish autoimmune etiology in previously diagnosed type 1 DM. Do not use to differentiate type 1 DM from type 2 DM, for most cases.
Semi-Quantitative Indirect Fluorescent Antibody
New York DOH Approval Status
Serum separator tube.
Separate serum from cells ASAP or within 2 hours of collection. Transfer1 mL serum to an ARUP Standard Transport Tube. (Min: 0.15 mL)
Plasma. CSF. Contaminated, hemolyzed, or severely lipemic specimens.
After separation from cells: Ambient: 48 hours; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 year (avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles)
< 1:4 No antibody detected.
Islet cell antibodies (ICAs) are associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D), an autoimmune endocrine disorder. ICAs may be present years before the onset of clinical symptoms. To calculate Juvenile Diabetes Foundation (JDF) units: multiply the titer x 5 (1:8 8 x 5 = 40 JDF Units).
This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.
Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR)
|Component Test Code*||Component Chart Name||LOINC|
|0050138||Islet Cell Cytoplasmic Antibody, IgG||13927-9|
- Anti-Islet Cell Antibody
- beta cell
- Cytoplasmic Islet Cell Ab
- Islet Cell Ab IgG