Ordering Recommendation

Predict the expression of RBC antigen specificities to aid in selection of antigen-negative RBCs for transfusion, assess risk for hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, or resolve conflicting serological antibody results.


Polymerase Chain Reaction/Fluorescence Monitoring




7-14 days

New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation

Lavender (EDTA)

Specimen Preparation

Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature


Unacceptable Conditions

Plasma or serum; collection of specimen in sodium heparin tubes.


Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable

Reference Interval
Interpretive Data

Background Information for Red Blood Cell Antigen Genotyping:
: Erythrocyte alloimmunization may result in hemolytic transfusion reactions or hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Clinical presentation is variable and dependent upon the specific antibody and recipient factors.
Incidence: Erythrocyte alloimmunization occurs in up to 58% of sickle cell patients, up to 35% in other transfusion-dependent patients, and in approximately 0.8% of all pregnant women.
Inheritance: Typically co-dominant for red blood cell (RBC) antigens, autosomal recessive for hemoglobin S (HbS).
Cause: Antigen-antibody mediated red-cell hemolysis between donor/recipient or transferred maternal antibodies.
Variants Tested: See the "Additional Technical Information" document.
Clinical Sensitivity: >99% for c (RH4), C (RH2), e (RH5), E (RH3), k (KEL2), K (KEL1), Jka (JK1), Jkb (JK2), Fya (FY1), Fyb (FY2), M (MNS1), N (MNS2), S (MNS3), s (MNS4). Unknown for Kpa (KEL3), Kpb (KEL4), Jsa (KEL6), Jsb (KEL7), Lua (LU1), Lub (LU2), Dia (DI1), Dib (DI2), Coa (CO1), Cob (CO2), Doa (DO1), Dob (DO2), Joa (DO5), Hy (DO4), LWa (LW5), LWb (LW7), Sc1 (SC1), Sc2 (SC2), U (MNS5), V (RH10), VS (RH20), Hemoglobin S (HbS).
Methodology: Immucor PreciseType™ HEA Molecular BeadChip which is FDA-approved for clinical testing. Predicted phenotypes are reported for each antigen and HbS based on the variants tested.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity: >99% for c (RH4), C (RH2), e (RH5), E (RH3), k (KEL2), K (KEL1), Jka (JK1), Jkb (JK2), Fya (FY1), Fyb (FY2), M (MNS1), N (MNS2), S (MNS3), s (MNS4). Unknown for Kpa (KEL3), Kpb (KEL4), Jsa (KEL6), Jsb (KEL7), Lua (LU1), Lub (LU2), Dia (DI1), Dib (DI2), Coa (CO1), Cob (CO2), Doa (DO1), Dob (DO2), Joa (DO5), Hy (DO4), LWa (LW5), LWb (LW7), Sc1 (SC1), Sc2 (SC2), U (MNS5), V (RH10), VS (RH20), Hemoglobin S (HbS).
Limitations: Only the targeted variants will be interrogated. Rare nucleotide changes leading to altered or partial antigen expression and null phenotypes may not be detected by this assay. This assay does not assess for RhD nor is it designed to diagnose sickle cell disease. Patients who have had hematopoietic stem cell transplants may have inconclusive results on this test. Abnormal signal intensities may result in indeterminate genotyping results for all tested antigens/HbS.

No compliance statements are in use for this test.

Hotline History
CPT Codes


Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
3001054 RBC Antigen Genotyping Specimen 31208-2
3001055 Rh Antigen C/c
3001056 Rh Antigen E/e
3001057 Rh Antigen V/VS
3001058 Kell Antigen K/k
3001059 Kell Antigen Kpa/Kpb
3001060 Kell Antigen Jsa/Jsb
3001061 Duffy Antigen Fya/Fyb
3001062 Kidd Antigen Jka/Jkb
3001063 MNS Antigen MN
3001064 MNS Antigen S/s/U
3001065 Lutheran Antigen Lua/Lub
3001066 Dombrock Antigen Doa/Dob
3001067 Dombrock Antigen Hy
3001068 Dombrock Antigen Joa
3001069 Landsteiner-Wiener Antigen LWa/LWb
3001070 Diego Antigen Dia/Dib
3001071 Colton Antigen Coa/Cob
3001072 Scianna Antigen Sc1/Sc2
3001073 Hemoglobin S Antigen
3001074 RBC Antigen Genotyping Interpretation 50398-7
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
  • Colton genotyping (Coa, Cob)
  • Diego genotyping (Dia, Dib)
  • Dombrock genotyping (Doa, Dob, Hy, Joa)
  • Duffy genotyping (Fya, Fyb, Fyb-67C)
  • Kell genotyping (K, k, Kpa, Kpb, Jsa, Jsb)
  • Kidd genotyping (Jka, Jkb)
  • Landsteiner-Wiener genotyping (LWa, LWb)
  • Lutheran genotyping (Lua, Lub)
  • MNS genotyping (M, N, S, s, U, Uvar, Uneg)
  • Rh genotyping (C, c, E, e, V, VS)
  • Scianna genotyping (Sc1, Sc2)
Red Blood Cell Antigen Genotyping