Ordering Recommendation

Genotype test to assess risk, due to genetics, for severe myelosuppression with standard dosing of thiopurine drugs. Use for individuals being considered for thiopurine therapy or who have had an adverse reaction to thiopurine therapy. Preferred test for patients with recent heterologous blood transfusion. Can be performed irrespective of thiopurine therapy.

Mnemonic

TPMT2

Methodology

Polymerase Chain Reaction/Fluorescence Monitoring

Performed

Varies

Reported

5-10 days

New York DOH Approval Status

This test is New York DOH approved.

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation
Collect

Lavender (EDTA), Pink (K2EDTA), or Yellow (ACD Solution A or B).

Specimen Preparation

Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature

Refrigerated.

Unacceptable Conditions

Plasma or serum. Specimens collected in sodium heparin or lithium heparin. Frozen specimens in glass collection tubes.

Remarks
Stability

Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: 1 month

Reference Interval

By report

Interpretive Data

Refer to report

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.

Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.

Compliance Category

Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)

Note

Whole blood is the preferred specimen. Saliva samples that yield inadequate DNA quality and/or quantity will be reported as inconclusive if test performance does not meet laboratory-determined criteria for reporting.

Hotline History

N/A

CPT Codes

81335; 81306

Components

Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
3001536 TPMT2 Specimen 31208-2
3001537 TPMT Genotype 41048-0
3001538 NUDT15 Genotype 93194-9
3001539 TPMT2 Interpretation 50398-7
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.

Aliases

  • 6-mercaptopurine
  • 6-MP
  • 6-TG
  • 6-thioguanine
  • AZA toxicity
  • Azathioprine
  • nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X
  • nudix
  • NUDT15 mutation
  • S-adenosyl-L-methionine genotype
  • Thioguanine
  • Thiopurine
  • Thiopurine S-methyltransferase genotype
  • TPMT genetics
  • TPMT mutation
TPMT and NUDT15