Ordering Recommendation

Preferred molecular test following biochemical testing suggestive of guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency.

Mnemonic

GAMT FGS

Methodology

Polymerase Chain Reaction/Sequencing

Performed

Varies

Reported

14-21 days

New York DOH Approval Status

Specimens from New York clients will be sent out to a New York DOH approved laboratory, if possible.

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation
Collect

Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B).

Specimen Preparation

Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature

Refrigerated.

Unacceptable Conditions
Remarks
Stability

Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable

Reference Interval

By report

Interpretive Data

Background Information for Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase (GAMT) Deficiency Sequencing:
Characteristics:
Intellectual disability and seizure disorder of variable severity. May also include speech / language delays, movement disorder, and behavioral disorders such as autism, hyperactivity, and self-injury.
Incidence: Unknown. More than 50 cases have been described.
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive.
Cause: Pathogenic GAMT gene mutations.
Clinical Sensitivity: Based on limited data, may be as high as 99 percent.
Methodology: Bidirectional sequencing of the entire coding region and intron/exon boundaries of the GAMT gene.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity: 99 percent.
Limitations: Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations. Regulatory region mutations, deep intronic mutations, and large deletions/duplications will not be detected. Mutations in genes other than GAMT are not evaluated. 

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.

Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.

Compliance Category

Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)

Note

Hotline History

N/A

CPT Codes

81479

Components

Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
2011141 GAMT Sequencing Specimen 31208-2
2011142 GAMT Sequencing Interpretation
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.

Aliases

  • Arginine:Glycine Amidinotransferase (AGAT) Deficiency
  • creatine deficiency
  • creatine transporter deficiency
  • GAA
  • GATM
  • SLC6A8
Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase (GAMT) Deficiency Sequencing (INACTIVE as of 11/15/21)