Ordering Recommendation

Screening test for voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) antibody receptor complex-associated autoantibodies with test reflex to CASPR2 and LGI1 antibodies. Antibodies are associated with acquired neuromyotonia, limbic encephalitis, painful neuropathy, Morvan syndrome, and rare tumors (eg, thymoma, small-cell lung cancer).

New York DOH Approval Status

This test is New York state approved.

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation

Plain red or serum separator tube.

Specimen Preparation

Separate serum from cells within 1 hour. Transfer 4 mL serum to an ARUP Standard Transport Tube. (Min: 0.5 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature


Unacceptable Conditions

Plasma. Severely lipemic or icteric specimens.


After separation from cells: Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 month (avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles)


Quantitative Radioimmunoassay/Semi-Quantitative Cell-Based Indirect Fluorescent Antibody




1-8 days

Reference Interval

Test Number
Reference Interval
  Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Ab, Ser 31 pmol/L or less

Interpretive Data

Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (VGKC) antibodies are associated with neuromuscular weakness as found in neuromyotonia (also known as Issacs syndrome) and Morvan syndrome. VGKC antibodies are also associated with paraneoplastic neurological syndromes and limbic encephalitis; however, VGKC antibody-associated limbic encephalitis may be associated with antibodies to leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 protein (LGI1) or contactin-associated protein-2 (CASPR2) instead of potassium channel antigens. A substantial number of VGKC-antibody positive cases are negative for LGI1 and CASPR 2 IgG autoantibodies, not all VGKC complex antigens are known. The clinical significance of this test can only be determined in conjunction with the patient's clinical history and related laboratory testing.

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.

Component Interpretation
Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (VGKC) Antibody, Serum Negative
31 pmol/L or less
32-87 pmol/L
88 pmol/L or greater

Compliance Category

Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)


If VGKC is Indeterminate or Positive, LGI1 Antibody IgG and CASPR2 Antibody IgG will be added. If LGI1 antibody IgG is positive, then LGI1 antibody IgG titer will be added. If CASPR2 antibody IgG is positive, then CASPR2 antibody IgG titer will be added. Additional charges apply.

Hotline History


CPT Codes

83519; if reflexed add 86255 x2; if reflexed add 86256 per titer


Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
2004890 Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Ab, Ser 41871-5
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.


Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel (VGKC) Antibody with Reflex to LGI1 and CASPR2 Screen and Titer, Serum