Ordering Recommendation

Carrier screening or diagnostic testing for Gaucher disease for individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish descent.

Mnemonic
GBA
Methodology

Polymerase Chain Reaction/Fluorescence Monitoring

Performed

Tue, Fri

Reported

5-10 days

New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Collect

Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B).

Specimen Preparation

Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature

Refrigerated.

Unacceptable Conditions

Plasma or serum. Specimens collected in sodium heparin or lithium heparin tubes.

Remarks
Stability

Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 month

Reference Interval

By report

Interpretive Data

Background information for Gaucher Disease (GBA), 8 Variants:
Characteristics:
Gaucher disease affects lysosomal storage and has extreme symptom variability, ranging from perinatal lethality to asymptomatic individuals. Three Gaucher subtypes have been identified based on symptom characteristics. Type 1 is characterized by bone disease, hepatosplenomegaly, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and lung disease. Individuals with Type 1 disease do not have primary central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Type 2 is characterized by CNS symptoms displaying before age 2, which progresses rapidly resulting in death by age 4. In Type 3 disease, individuals may present as early as age 2 with display CNS symptoms. However, Type 3 disease progresses slowly, usually resulting in death during the third or fourth decade of life.
Incidence:
1 in 900 in Ashkenazi Jewish individuals.
Inheritance:
Autosomal recessive.
Cause:
GBA pathogenic variants.
Variants Tested:
c.115+1G>A, p.L29Afs (c.84dupG), p.N409S (c.1226A>G), c.1263_1317del55, p.V433L (c.1297G>T), p.D448H (c.1342G>C), p.L483P (c.1448T>C), and p.R535H (c.1604G>A).
Clinical Sensitivity:
90 percent in Ashkenazi Jewish individuals; 55 percent in other ethnicities.
Methodology:
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence monitoring.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity:
Greater than 99 percent.
Limitations:
Variants other than those tested will not be detected. Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations.

Compliance Category

Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)

Note
Hotline History
N/A
CPT Codes

81251

Components
Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
0051440 Gaucher Disease (GBA), Allele 1 46988-2
0051441 Gaucher Disease (GBA), Allele 2 46988-2
0051442 Gaucher Disease (GBA), Interpretation 35693-1
2001312 Gaucher Disease (GBA), Specimen 31208-2
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
Aliases
  • Beta-glucocerebrosidase deficiency
  • Beta-Glucosidase
  • Gaucher Disease
Gaucher Disease (GBA), 8 Variants