Not recommended for the diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Use to detect platelet-specific antibodies in suspected fetal or neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, posttransfusion purpura, or multiplatelet transfusion refractoriness.
Semi-Quantitative Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
For newborns less than 30 days old, collect specimen from the mother.
Serum separator tube (SST).
Separate serum from cells ASAP or within 2 hours of collection. Transfer 1 mL serum to an ARUP Standard Transport Tube and freeze. (Min: 0.5 mL)
Frozen. Also acceptable: Refrigerated if maintained at temperature for 48 hours or less.
Microbially contaminated, heat-inactivated, hemolyzed, or lipemic specimens.
Ambient: Unacceptable; Refrigerated: 48 hours; Frozen: 1 month
This is the primary test for detection of platelet-specific antibodies. It is not recommended for the diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This test will detect both allo and autoantibodies, but will not distinguish between them. Results of this test should be used in conjunction with clinical findings and other serological tests. Antibodies directed to antigens found on platelets are associated with many different clinical situations. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a destructive thrombocytopenia caused by autoantibodies. Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NATP) and post-transfusion purpura (PTP) are diseases where thrombocytopenia is caused by platelet-specific alloantibodies. HLA alloantibodies do not cause thrombocytopenia, but are commonly associated with refractoriness to platelet transfusions.
This test is designed to detect antibodies to platelet glycoproteins IIb/IIIa (HPA-1a/1b [PlA1 and PlA2], HPA-3a/3b, and HPA-4a), Ia/IIA (HPA-5a/5b), Ib/IX, and IV. In addition, this test will also detect antibodies to HLA Class I antigens (HLA-A-B).
Testing for neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia should be performed using a maternal serum, since platelet antibody may not be detected in a neonatal serum. False negative results are common in infant samples.
|Component Test Code*||Component Chart Name||LOINC|
|0051062||Platelet Antibodies, Indirect||24375-8|
- Antiplatelet Antibodies
- Antiplatelet, Circulating Platelet Antibodies
- Circulating Platelet Antibody
- Indirect Platelet Antibody
- Platelet Antibodies, Qualitative
- Platelet Antibody, Serum