Ordering Recommendation

Diagnostic confirmation for Huntington disease (HD) in a symptomatic individual. Presymptomatic testing for adults with a family history of HD.




Polymerase Chain Reaction/Fragment Analysis




7-10 days after receipt of fully completed HD consent form

New York DOH Approval Status

This test is New York DOH approved.

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation

Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B).

Specimen Preparation

Transport 5 mL whole blood. (Min: 3 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature


Unacceptable Conditions

A completed HD specific consent form, signed by the patient (or legal guardian) and physician, is required for all specimens. Testing for patients under the age of 18 years or fetal specimens is not offered. Presymptomatic patients are strongly encouraged to be tested through a counseling program approved by the Huntington Disease Society of America at (800) 345-4372. Call Genetics Processing with additional questions at 800-242-2787 ext 3301.


Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: 1 month

Reference Interval

Negative: This individual has two normal alleles; and therefore, is neither a carrier nor will be affected with Huntington disease.

Interpretive Data

Background Information for Huntington Disease (HD) Mutation by PCR:
Neurodegenerative disorder causing progressive cognitive, motor, and psychiatric disturbances typically beginning at 35-44 years of age
(Although, 5 percent are affected as juveniles and 25 percent affected after age 50).
1 in 15,000.
Autosomal dominant.
Expanded number of CAG repeats in the HD gene (27-35 repeats-unaffected, intermediate; 36-39 repeats-reduced penetrance; 40+ repeats-affected, full penetrance).
Clinical Sensitivity and Specificity:
99 percent.
Chimeric PCR followed by size analysis using capillary electrophoresis.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity:
99 percent.
Other neurodegenerative disorders will not be detected. Rare, previously unreported variants may interfere with PCR amplification. Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations.

Counseling and informed consent are required for Huntington Disease genetic testing. Consent forms are available online at www.aruplab.com.

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.
Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.

Number of CAG Repeats
Normal allele Less than or equal to 26
Mutable normal allele 27-35
HD allele with reduced penetrance 36-39
HD allele Greater than or equal to 40

Compliance Category

Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)


Hotline History


CPT Codes



Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
0050604 Huntington Disease (HD) Allele 1 49637-2
0050606 Huntington Disease (HD) Allele 2 49638-0
0050607 Huntington Disease (HD) Interpretation 50621-2
2001353 Huntington Disease (HD) - Specimen 31208-2
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.


  • HD genetic testing
  • HTT genetic testing
Huntington Disease (HD) Mutation by PCR (Extended TAT as of 11/20/20-no referral available)