Ordering Recommendation

Preferred test for the assessment of acute or chronic arsenic exposure. This test is able to differentiate between toxic inorganic and methylated species as well as benign organic forms. Results are reported as total inorganic, total methylated, and organic arsenic

Mnemonic
ARS U
Methodology

Quantitative High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Quantitative Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry

Performed

Sun-Sat

Reported

1-5 days

New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation

Diet, medication, and nutritional supplements may introduce interfering substances. Patients should be encouraged to discontinue nutritional supplements, vitamins, minerals, nonessential over-the-counter medications (upon the advice of their physician), and avoid shellfish and seafood for 48 to 72 hours. High concentrations of iodine may interfere with elemental testing. Collection of urine specimens from patients receiving iodinated or gadolinium-based contrast media should be avoided for a minimum of 72 hours post-exposure. Collection from patients with impaired kidney function should be avoided for a minimum of 14 days post contrast media exposure.

Collect

24-hour or random urine collection. Specimen must be collected in a plastic container and refrigerated during collection. ARUP studies indicate that refrigeration of urine alone, during and after collection, preserves specimens adequately if tested within 14 days of collection.

Specimen Preparation

Transfer an 8 mL aliquot from a well-mixed collection to ARUP Trace Element-Free Transport Tubes (ARUP supply #43116) available online through eSupply using ARUP Connect™ or contact ARUP Client Services at (800) 522-2787. (Min: 2 mL)

Storage/Transport Temperature

Refrigerated. Also acceptable: Room temperature or frozen.

Unacceptable Conditions

Acid preserved urine. Specimens collected within 72 hours after administration of iodinated or gadolinium-based contrast media. Specimens contaminated with blood or fecal material. Specimens transported in non-trace element-free transport tube (with the exception of the original device).

Remarks

Trace Elements requisition form may be required (ARUP form #32990-Barcode; #32991-No Barcode).

Stability

Ambient: 1 week; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 year

Reference Interval

Effective November 13, 2017

Test Number
Components
Reference Interval
Arsenic, Urine - per volume 0-34.9 µg/L (based on Biological Exposure Index)
Arsenic, Urine - per 24h 0-49.9 µg/d
Arsenic, Urine-Ratio to CRT 0.0-29.9 µg/gCRT
0020734 Arsenic, Fractionated, Urine
Test Number Components
Reference Interval
  Arsenic, Organic Refer to report
  Arsenic, Inorganic Refer to report
  Arsenic, Methylated Refer to report

  Creatinine, Urine - per 24h
Age Male Female
3-8 years 140-700 mg/d 140-700 mg/d
9-12 years 300-1300 mg/d 300-1300 mg/d
13-17 years 500-2300 mg/d 400-1600 mg/d
18-50 years 1000-2500 mg/d 700-1600 mg/d
51-80 years 800-2100 mg/d 500-1400 mg/d
81 years and older 600-2000 mg/d 400-1300 mg/d

Interpretive Data

The ACGIH Biological Exposure Index (BEI) for arsenic in urine is 35 µg/L. The ACGIH BEI is based on the sum of inorganic and methylated species. For specimens with a total arsenic concentration between 35-2000 µg/L, fractionation is automatically performed to determine the proportions of inorganic, methylated and organic species.  It may be appropriate to request fractionation for specimens with a total arsenic greater than 30 µg/gCRT despite a total arsenic concentration less than 35 µg/L. If low-level chronic poisoning is suspected, the µg/gCRT ratio may be a more sensitive indicator of arsenic exposure than the total arsenic concentration.

Compliance Statement B: For laboratory developed tests not using a RUO kit, and for FDA approved, cleared or 510(k) exempt assays with alterations. This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions.

Note

If total arsenic concentration is between 35-2000 ug/L, then Arsenic, Fractionated, will be added to determine the proportion of organic, inorganic, and methylated forms. Additional charges apply.

Hotline History
N/A
CPT Codes

82175; if reflexed, add 82175

Components
Component Test Code* Component Chart Name LOINC
0020207 Creatinine, Urine - per volume 2161-8
0020208 Creatinine, Urine - per 24h 2162-6
0025001 Arsenic Urine - per volume 5586-3
0025002 Arsenic Urine - per 24h 5587-1
0025058 Arsenic, Urine - ratio to CRT 13463-5
0097110 Total Volume 19153-6
0097111 Hours Collected 30211-7
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
Aliases
  • Arsenic/Creatinine Ratio, Random, Urine
  • As
  • ASU
  • Normalized Urine As, Normalized Urine Arsenic
Arsenic, Urine with Reflex to Fractionated