Preferred test for the assessment of acute or chronic arsenic exposure. This test is able to differentiate between toxic inorganic and methylated species as well as benign organic forms. Results are reported as total inorganic, total methylated, and organic arsenic
Quantitative High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Quantitative Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
Diet, medication, and nutritional supplements may introduce interfering substances. Patients should be encouraged to discontinue nutritional supplements, vitamins, minerals, nonessential over-the-counter medications (upon the advice of their physician), and avoid shellfish and seafood for 48 to 72 hours. High concentrations of iodine may interfere with elemental testing. Collection of urine specimens from patients receiving iodinated or gadolinium-based contrast media should be avoided for a minimum of 72 hours post-exposure. Collection from patients with impaired kidney function should be avoided for a minimum of 14 days post contrast media exposure.
24-hour or random urine collection. Specimen must be collected in a plastic container and refrigerated during collection. ARUP studies indicate that refrigeration of urine alone, during and after collection, preserves specimens adequately if tested within 14 days of collection.
Transfer an 8 mL aliquot from a well-mixed collection to ARUP Trace Element-Free Transport Tubes (ARUP supply #43116) available online through eSupply using ARUP Connect™ or contact ARUP Client Services at (800) 522-2787. (Min: 2 mL)
Refrigerated. Also acceptable: Room temperature or frozen.
Acid preserved urine. Specimens collected within 72 hours after administration of iodinated or gadolinium-based contrast media. Specimens contaminated with blood or fecal material. Specimens transported in non-trace element-free transport tube (with the exception of the original device).
Trace Elements requisition form may be required (ARUP form #32990-Barcode; #32991-No Barcode).
Ambient: 1 week; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 year
Effective November 13, 2017
|Arsenic, Urine - per volume||0-34.9 µg/L (based on Biological Exposure Index)|
|Arsenic, Urine - per 24h||0-49.9 µg/d|
|Arsenic, Urine-Ratio to CRT||0.0-29.9 µg/gCRT|
|0020734||Arsenic, Fractionated, Urine||
|Creatinine, Urine - per 24h||
The ACGIH Biological Exposure Index (BEI) for arsenic in urine is 35 µg/L. The ACGIH BEI is based on the sum of inorganic and methylated species. For specimens with a total arsenic concentration between 35-2000 µg/L, fractionation is automatically performed to determine the proportions of inorganic, methylated and organic species. It may be appropriate to request fractionation for specimens with a total arsenic greater than 30 µg/gCRT despite a total arsenic concentration less than 35 µg/L. If low-level chronic poisoning is suspected, the µg/gCRT ratio may be a more sensitive indicator of arsenic exposure than the total arsenic concentration.
Per 24h calculations are provided to aid interpretation for collections with a duration of 24 hours and an average daily urine volume. For specimens with notable deviations in collection time or volume, ratios of analytes to a corresponding urine creatinine concentration may assist in result interpretation.
This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.
Laboratory Developed Test (LDT)
If total arsenic concentration is between 35-2000 ug/L, then Arsenic, Fractionated, will be added to determine the proportion of organic, inorganic, and methylated forms. Additional charges apply.
82175; if reflexed, add 82175
|Component Test Code*||Component Chart Name||LOINC|
|0020207||Creatinine, Urine - per volume||2161-8|
|0020208||Creatinine, Urine - per 24h||2162-6|
|0025001||Arsenic Urine - per volume||5586-3|
|0025002||Arsenic Urine - per 24h||5587-1|
|0025058||Arsenic, Urine - ratio to CRT||13463-5|
- Arsenic/Creatinine Ratio, Random, Urine
- Normalized Urine As, Normalized Urine Arsenic