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F-Actin and Mitochondrial M2 Antibodies, IgG by ELISA with Reflex to Smooth Muscle Antibody (SMA), IgG by IFA
2007209
Ordering Recommendation

Aid in evaluation of autoimmune liver disease. For a more comprehensive reflex panel, refer to Autoimmune Liver Disease Evaluation with Reflex to Smooth Muscle Antibody (SMA), IgG by IFA (2007210).

Mnemonic
ACTIN/M2 R
Methodology
Semi-Quantitative Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Semi-Quantitative Indirect Fluorescent Antibody
Performed
Sun-Sat
Reported
1-4 days
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
ARUP Consult®
Disease Topics
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
 
Collect
Serum Separator Tube (SST). 
Specimen Preparation
Separate from cells ASAP or within 2 hours of collection. Transfer 0.5 mL serum to an ARUP Standard Transport Tube. (Min: 0.3 mL) 
Storage/Transport Temperature
Refrigerated. 
Unacceptable Conditions
Non-serum, heat-inactivated, contaminated, grossly icteric, severely lipemic, grossly hemolyzed specimens or inclusion of fibrin clot.. 
Remarks
 
Stability
After separation from cells: Ambient: 48 hours; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 year (avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles) 
Reference Interval
Test Number
Components
Reference Interval
0050065Mitochondrial M2 Antibody, IgG (ELISA)
20.0 Units or lessNegative
20.1-24.9 UnitsEquivocal
25.0 Units or greaterPositive

0051174F-Actin (Smooth Muscle) Antibody, IgG by ELISA with Reflex to Smooth Muscle Antibody, IgG Titer
Test Number
Components
Reference Interval
 F-Actin (Smooth Muscle) Ab, IgG by ELISARefer to report
0051244Smooth Muscle Antibody, IgG TiterRefer to report


Interpretive Data
F-Actin Antibody, IgG by ELISA:F-actin IgG antibodies have been shown to have increased sensitivity for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) but lower specificity than smooth muscle antibodies (SMA). F-actin IgG antibodies can also be seen in SMA-negative disease controls (non-AIH), especially in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis C infections. Some patients with AIH may be SMA-positive but negative for F-actin IgG. Consider testing for SMA by IFA if suspicion for AIH is strong.

Note
If F-Actin, IgG by ELISA is 20 Units or greater, then Smooth Muscle Antibody (SMA), IgG by IFA titer will be added. Additional charges apply.
CPT Code(s)
83516 x2; if reflexed, add 86256
Components
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0050065Mitochondrial (M2) Antibody, IgG14251-3
0055248F-Actin (Smooth Muscle) Ab, IgG by ELISA44706-0
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
Aliases
  • AMA M2
  • AMA M2 reflex
  • anti-M2
  • Autoimmune Liver Disease Differentiation Panel
  • F Actin
  • F-actin
  • F-Actin (Smooth Muscle) Antibody, IgG
  • M2
  • Mito M2
  • Mitochondrial Antibodies, Serum
  • Mitochondrial M2 Antibody, IgG (ELISA)
  • Mitochondrial MS reflex
  • SMA
  • SMA Titer
  • Smooth Muscle Antibodies, Serum
  • Smooth Muscle Antibody, IgG Titer