Primary Carnitine Deficiency (SLC22A5) Deletion/Duplication
Ordering Recommendation

Molecular (DNA) test to confirm a diagnosis of primary carnitine deficiency when Primary Carnitine Deficiency (SLC22A5) Sequencing (0051682) does not identify two causative mutations. Carrier testing for individuals with a family history of a deletion or duplication in the SLC22A5 gene.

Polymerase Chain Reaction/Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification
Within 14 days
New York DOH Approval Status
Specimens from New York clients will be sent out to a New York DOH approved laboratory, if possible.
ARUP Consult®
Disease Topics
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B). 
Specimen Preparation
Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL) 
Storage/Transport Temperature
Unacceptable Conditions
Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable 
Reference Interval
Interpretive Data
Background information for Primary Carnitine Deficiency (SLC22A5) Deletion/Duplication:
Characteristics: Hypoketotic hypoglycemia during periods of fasting, hepatomegaly, Reye syndrome, sudden infant death, developmental delay, cardiac and/or skeletal myopathy, hypotonia and enlarged heart.
Incidence: 1 in 40,000 for European Caucasian and Japanese, lower in other populations.
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive.
Cause: Deleterious SLC22A5 gene mutations.
Clinical Sensitivity: Unknown; may be as high as 10-15 percent.
Methodology: Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) to detect large SLC22A5 coding region deletions/duplications.
Analytical Sensitivity: Greater than 99 percent.
Limitations: Mutations in genes other than SLC22A5 will not be detected; deletion/duplication breakpoints will not be determined. SLC22A5 single base pair substitutions, small deletions/duplications, and deep intronic and promoter mutations will not be detected. Mutations within the primer/probe regions could affect the analytical sensitivity of this assay. Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations.

Compliance Statement C: The performance characteristics of this test were validated by ARUP Laboratories. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved or cleared this test. However, FDA approval or clearance is currently not required for clinical use of this test. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions. ARUP is authorized under Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) and by all states to perform high-complexity testing. Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.

CPT Code(s)
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
2004200PCD DELDUP Specimen
2004201PCD (SLC22A5) DelDup Interpretation
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  • Carnitine Deficiency (Primary Carnitine Deficiency (SLC22A5) Deletion/Duplication)