- Patient Preparation
- Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B).
- Specimen Preparation
- Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 2 mL)
- Storage/Transport Temperature
- Unacceptable Conditions
- Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable
Characteristics: Chronic sino-pulmonary disease, gastrointestinal malabsorption/pancreatic insufficiency, and obstructive azoospermia. Findings are often limited to a single organ system such as isolated pancreatitis, bilateral absence of the vas deferens, nasal polyposis, or bronchiectasis in non-classic cystic fibrosis (CF).
Incidence of Classic CF: 1 in 3,000 Caucasians or Ashkenazi Jewish, 1 in 8,000 Hispanics, 1 in 15,000 African Americans, 1 in 32,000 Asians.
Incidence of Nonclassic CF: Unknown.
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive.
Penetrance: High for severe mutations, variable for mild/moderate mutations.
Cause of Classic CF: Two deleterious CFTR mutations on opposite chromosomes.
Cause of Nonclassic CF: Typically one severe and one mild/moderate CFTR mutations on opposite chromosomes.
Mutations Tested in Panel: G85E (c.254G>A), R117H (c.350G>A), R334W (c.1000C>T), R347P (c.1040G>C), R347H (c.1040G>A), 394delTT (c.262_263delTT), A455E (c.1364C>A), I507del (c.1519_1521delATC), F508del (c.1521_1523delCTT), V520F (c.1558G>T), G542X (c.1624G>T), S549N (c.1646G>A), S549R (c.1645A>C or c.1647T>G), G551D (c.1652G>A), R553X (c.1657C>T), R560T (c.1679G>C), 621+1G>T (c.489+1G>T), 711+1G>T (c.579+1G>T), 1078delT (c.948delT), R1162X (c.3484C>T), W1282X (c.3846G>A), N1303K (c.3909C>G), 1717-1G>A (c.1585-1G>A), 1898+1G>A (c.1766+1G>A), 2183AA>G (c.2051_2052delAAinsG), 2184delA (c.2052delA), 2789+5G>A (c.2657+5G>A), 3120+1G>A (c.2988+1G>A), 3659delC (c.3528delC), 3849+10kbC>T (c.3717+12191C>T), 3876delA (c.3744delA), 3905insT (c.3773_3774insT). For specimens positive for R117H, the IVS-8/poly T (c.1210-12T[5_9] is analyzed by sequencing. The mutations tested are listed above according to the legacy nomenclature; the standard nomenclature is listed in parentheses. Panel mutations are reported according to the legacy nomenclature.
Clinical Sensitivity for reflex: 99 percent.
Methodology for Panel: PCR, oligonucleotide ligation assay (OLA), fluorescent hybridization probes, and capillary electrophoresis.
Methodology for Sequencing: Bidirectional sequencing of the CFTR coding region and intron-exon boundaries.
Methodology for Deletion/Duplication: Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) to detect large CFTR coding region deletions/duplications.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity: 99 percent.
Limitations:Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations. The breakpoints of large deletions/duplications will not be determined. Regulatory region and intronic mutations will not be detected.
Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online at www.aruplab.com.
See Compliance Statement C: www.aruplab.com/CS
|Component Test Code*||Component Chart Name|
|0050603||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) R117H and 5T|
|0051151||Cystic Fibrosis Symptom|
|0051483||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) Allele 1|
|0051484||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) Allele 2|
|0056003||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) 5T Mutation|
|0056037||Cystic Fibrosis Ethnicity|
|0056039||Cystic Fibrosis Family History|
|2001341||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) Pan,Seq,Del Spec|
|2002139||Cystic Fibrosis Interpretation|
- CFTR mutation screening, sequencing and deletion/duplication