Lymphocyte Subset Panel 4 - T-Cell Subsets Percent and Absolute, Whole Blood
Ordering Recommendation
Absolute CD4 count is sufficient for routine HIV monitoring.
Quantitative Flow Cytometry
1-2 days  
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
Time SensitiveTime Sensitive

Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Lavender Hemogard (EDTA), pink Hemogard (K2EDTA), or green Hemogard (sodium or lithium heparin). Hemogard tubes are preferred for laboratory safety.  
Specimen Preparation
Transport 4 mL whole blood. (Min: 0.5 mL)  
Storage/Transport Temperature
Unacceptable Conditions
BAL specimens (refer to ARUP test code 0093420). Frozen or refrigerated specimens. Specimens older than 72 hours in EDTA or 48 hours in heparin. Clotted or hemolyzed specimens.
New York State Clients:
BAL specimens (refer to ARUP test code 0093420). Specimens collected in heparin. EDTA specimens older than 30 hours. Frozen or refrigerated specimens. Clotted or hemolyzed specimens.  
Specimens must be analyzed within 72 hours of collection in EDTA or 48 hours in heparin. Some medications may affect immunophenotyping results and should be provided on the test request form.
New York State Clients:
Only EDTA specimens may be submitted and must be analyzed within 30 hours of collection.  
Ambient: 72 hours in EDTA, 48 hours in heparin; Refrigerated: Unacceptable; Frozen: Unacceptable
New York State Clients:
EDTA Ambient: 30 hours; Refrigerated: Unacceptable; Frozen: Unacceptable  
Reference Interval
Reports include age appropriate reference intervals and interpretation.
Components Age: 0-​11 months Age: 12-​23 months Age: 2 years and older
% CD3 58-​85 % 53-​81 % 62-​87 %
Absolute CD3 2170-​6500 cells/µL 1460-​5440 cells/µL 570-​2400 cells/µL
% CD4 38-​62 % 31-​54 % 32-​64 %
Absolute CD4 1580-​4850 cells/µL 1020-​3600 cells/µL 430-​1800 cells/µL
% CD8 16-​34 % 16-​38 % 15-​46 %
Absolute CD8 680-​2470 cells/µL 570-​2230 cells/µL 210-​1200 cells/µL
CD4:CD8 ratio 1.17-​6.62 1.17-​6.62 0.80-​3.90
Interpretive Data
The CD4 cells are Helper T-cells expressing both CD3 and CD4. The CD8 cells are Cytotoxic T-cells expressing both CD3 and CD8. CD4 T-cells levels are a criterion for categorizing HIV-related clinical conditions by CDC's classification system for HIV infection. The measurement of CD4 T-cell levels has been used to establish decision points for initiating P. jiroveci prophylaxis, antiviral therapy and to monitor the efficacy of treatment. The Public Health Service (PHS) has recommended that CD4 T-cell levels be monitored every three to six months in all HIV-infected persons.

Compliance Statement B: This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions.
This test is designed for enumerating the percents and absolute cell counts of lymphocyte subsets in lysed whole blood. Whole blood is added to fluorochrome-labeled antibodies that bind specifically to cell surface antigens on lymphocytes. After incubation, lysing and fixation, percents and absolute counts are enumerated utilizing an internal quantitation standard. Additional CBC data is not required.

During HIV infection, antiviral therapy is often initiated when the absolute CD4 count drops below 500 cells/µL. When the absolute CD4 count drops below 200 cells/µL, therapeutic prophylaxis against PCP and other opportunistic infections may be initiated. When the absolute CD4 count drops below 100 cells/µL, prophylaxis against Mycobacterium avium complex is recommended.

For longitudinal studies involving serial monitoring, specimen collections should be performed at the same time of day.
CPT Code(s)
86359; 86360
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0095616Lymphocyte Subset Panel 4 Information48767-8
0095902Absolute CD38122-4
0095903% CD320599-7
0095905% CD48123-2
0095906Absolute CD424467-3
0095910% CD832518-3
0095911Absolute CD814135-8
0095920CD4:CD8 Ratio54218-3
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
  • CD3 and CD4
  • Helper T-cell count
  • Immune Status-Flow Cytometry
  • P. jiroveci prophylaxis determination
  • T-Cell Immunodeficiency Short Profile
  • T4/T8