Ethanol, Serum or Plasma - Medical
0090120
Ordering Recommendation
Serum test  to identify acute alcohol ingestion.
Mnemonic
ETOH
Methodology
Quantitative Gas Chromatography/Enzymatic
Performed
Sun-Sat
Reported
1-2 days  
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
For medical purposes only. Timing of specimen collection: Dependent on time of exposure - test upon presentation to hospital.  
Collect
Plain red or gray (sodium fluoride/potassium oxalate). Also acceptable: Lavender (EDTA) or plasma separator tube.  
Specimen Preparation
Do not freeze whole blood. Separate serum or plasma from cells immediately after collection. Immediately transfer 2 mL serum or plasma to a tightly-capped ARUP Standard Transport Tube to minimize alcohol loss. (Min: 0.5 mL) Sodium fluoride/potassium oxalate whole blood may be transported in the original container.  
Storage/Transport Temperature
Refrigerated.  
Unacceptable Conditions
Plasma separator tubes (PST), serum separator tubes (SST).  
Remarks
  
Stability
After separation from cells: Ambient: 4 hours (if tightly capped); Refrigerated: 1 week (if tightly capped); Frozen: Serum or Plasma: 6 months, Whole Blood: Unacceptable  
Reference Interval
Effective February 19, 2013
 
Normal Range Not established. Limit of detection varies based on instrumentation.
Therapeutic Range (Therapy for methanol toxicity): 100-​200 mg/dL
Toxic Level Greater than 250 mg/dL
Interpretive Data
Toxic concentrations may cause inebriation, CNS depression, respiratory depression, mental and motor impairment and liver damage. In children, ethanol ingestion may cause hypoglycemia.  
Note
 
CPT Code(s)
80320; (Alt code: G6040)
Components
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0090120Ethanol, Serum or Plasma - Medical14336-2
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
Aliases
  • Blood Alcohol Level
  • Ethanol Blood
  • Ethyl Alcohol
  • EtOH