Ethylene Glycol
Ordering Recommendation

Aid in assessment of the etiology of anion gap acidosis. Determine whether ethylene glycol poisoning exists.

Quantitative Enzymatic
Tue, Wed, Sat
1-4 days
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
ARUP Consult®
Disease Topics
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Timing of specimen collection: Dependent on time of exposure - test upon presentation to hospital.  
Plain red. Also acceptable: Lavender (K2 or K3EDTA) or pink (K2EDTA).  
Specimen Preparation
Separate serum or plasma from cells within 2 hours of collection. Transfer 1 mL serum or plasma to an ARUP Standard Transport Tube. (Min: 0.5 mL)  
Storage/Transport Temperature
Unacceptable Conditions
Whole blood. Gel separator tubes, light blue (citrate), or yellow (SPS or ACD solution).  
After separation from cells: Ambient: 1 week; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: 1 month  
Reference Interval
Effective February 19, 2013
Therapeutic RangeNo therapeutic range - Limit of detection 5 mg/dL
Toxic LevelGreater than 20 mg/dL

Interpretive Data
Toxic concentrations may cause intoxication, CNS depression, metabolic acidosis, renal damage and hypocalcemia. Ethylene glycol is extremely toxic. Ingestion can be fatal if patients do not receive immediate medical treatment.

Compliance Statement B: For laboratory developed tests not using a RUO kit, and for FDA approved, cleared or 510(k) exempt assays with alterations. This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions.
CPT Code(s)
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0090110Ethylene Glycol5646-5
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
  • Antifreeze
  • Ethane-1, 2-Diol