- Patient Preparation
- Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B).
- Specimen Preparation
- Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL)
- Storage/Transport Temperature
- Unacceptable Conditions
- Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 5 days; Frozen: Unacceptable
Characteristics: The 5T mutation is a mild cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) mutation resulting in improper mRNA splicing removing exon 9 from 90 percent of the CFTR protein. It is commonly observed in combination with a severe mutation on the other allele in individuals with a single CF symptom such as congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens, bronchiectasis, or idiopathic pancreatitis.
Allele Frequency: 5 percent.
Cause: 5T residues in the eighth CFTR intron instead of the more common seven.
Mutation tested:5T mutation (c.1210-12T[5_9]) in CFTR.
Methodology: Polymerase chain reaction, oligonucleotide ligation assay (OLA), fluorescent hybridization probes, and capillary electrophoresis.
Analytical Sensitivity and Specificity: 99 percent.
Limitations: Mutations within the primer/probe regions could affect the analytical sensitivity of this assay. Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations.
Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.
|Component Test Code*||Component Chart Name||LOINC|
|2011722||Cystic Fibrosis (CFTR) 5T Mutation|
- CFTR 5T