Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) 2 Variants
Ordering Recommendation

Determine genetic contribution to hyperhomocysteinemia for individuals with elevated plasma homocysteine. Not recommended for recurrent pregnancy loss, thrombophilia screening, neural tube defect risk assessment, or testing of family members of individuals with identified MTHFR variants.

Polymerase Chain Reaction and Fluorescence Monitoring
2-6 days
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
ARUP Consult®
Disease Topics
Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Lavender (EDTA), pink (K2EDTA), or yellow (ACD Solution A or B). 
Specimen Preparation
Transport 3 mL whole blood. (Min: 1 mL) 
Storage/Transport Temperature
Unacceptable Conditions
Plasma or serum. Heparinized specimens. 
Ambient: 72 hours; Refrigerated: 2 weeks; Frozen: 1 month 
Reference Interval
Negative: Neither of the MTHFR variants tested, c.665C>T (previously designated C677T) and c.1286A>C (previously designated A1298C), were detected. Other causes of elevated homocysteine levels were not evaluated.
Interpretive Data
Background Information for Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR), 2 Variants:
Variants in the MTHFR gene may reduce enzyme activity contributing to hyperhomocysteinemia. Although hyperhomocysteinemia was previously reported to be a risk factor for many conditions, especially venous thrombosis and cardiovascular disease, recent meta-analysis casts doubt on whether lifelong moderate homocysteine elevation has an effect on cardiovascular disease. The American College of Medical Genetics Practice Guidelines indicate that individuals with elevated homocysteine and two copies of the c.665C>T variant have an odds ratio of 1.27 for venous thromboembolism. Thus, they recommend MTHFR genotyping not be ordered as part of a routine evaluation for recurrent pregnancy loss or thrombophilia due to questionable clinical significance.
The allele frequency of the c.665C>T variant is 0.35 in European Caucasians, 0.5 in Hispanics, and 0.12 in African Americans.
Inheritance: Autosomal recessive; two copies of the c.665C>T variant may be a contributing factor to hyperhomocysteinemia.
Variants Tested:
c.665C>T(p.Ala222Val) and c.1286A>C(p.Glu429Ala). (legacy names, C677T and A1298C, respectively).
Clinical Sensitivity:
Undefined; hyperhomocysteinemia is caused by genetic, physiologic and environmental factors. MTHFR variants are only one contributing factor.
Methodology: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence monitoring.
Analytical Sensitivity & Specificity
: 99 percent.
Only two MTHFR gene variants (c.665C>T and c.1286A>C) are tested. Diagnostic errors can occur due to rare sequence variations.

Compliance Statement C: For human genetic inheritable conditions and mutations. This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions.

Counseling and informed consent are recommended for genetic testing. Consent forms are available online.

Hotline History
View Hotline History
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0055657MTHFR Mutation: c.665C>T28005-7
0055658MTHFR Mutation: c.1286A>C28060-2
0055660MTHFR Interpretation21709-1
2001331MTHFR PCR Specimen31208-2
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
  • MTHFR DNA assay