When detected in the presence of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody, striated muscle antibodies, which bind in a cross-striational pattern to skeletal and heart muscle tissue sections, are associated with late-onset myasthenia gravis (MG). Striated muscle antibodies recognize epitopes on three major muscle proteins, including: titin, ryanodine receptor (RyR) and Kv1.4 (an alpha subunit of voltage-gated potassium channel [VGKC]). Isolated cases of striated muscle antibodies may be seen in patients with certain autoimmune diseases, rheumatic fever, myocardial infarction, and following some cardiotomy procedures.
Compliance Statement A
: Analyte specific reagents (ASR) are used in many laboratory tests necessary for standard medical care and generally do not require U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval or clearance. This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions. This test should not be regarded as investigational or for research use.