Lead, Industrial Exposure Panel, Adults
Ordering Recommendation
Quantitative Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry/Hematofluorometry
1-5 days  
New York DOH Approval Status
This test is New York DOH approved.
Submit With Order
Lead Test Request Form Required (ARUP form #32990)Lead Test Request Form Required (ARUP form #32990)

Specimen Required
Patient Preparation
Collect from patient aged 16 years or older.  
Royal blue (K2EDTA or Na2EDTA) or tan (K2EDTA).  
Specimen Preparation
Transport 7 mL whole blood (royal blue) OR 3 mL whole blood (tan) (Min: 2 mL)  
Storage/Transport Temperature
Unacceptable Conditions
Frozen specimens. Heparin anticoagulant. Hemolyzed or clotted specimens.  
Lead requisition form required (ARUP form #32990-Barcode; #32991-No Barcode).  
Ambient: 30 hours; Refrigerated: 5 weeks; Frozen: Unacceptable  
Reference Interval
Test Number Components Reference Interval
 Lead, Blood 0-​4.9 µg/dL
 Zinc Protoporphyrin (ZPP), Whole Blood 0-​40 µg/dL
 Zinc Protoporphyrin (ZPP) to Heme Ratio 0-​69 µmol ZPP/mol heme
Interpretive Data
Elevated results may be due to skin or collection-related contamination, including use of a noncertified lead-free tube. Elevated levels of blood lead should be confirmed with a second specimen collected in a lead-free tube.

Reference interval and interpretive comments are based on the Recommendations for Medical Management of Adult Lead Exposure, Environmental Health Perspectives, 2007. Thresholds and time intervals for retesting, medical evaluation, and response vary by state and regulatory body. Actions described by OSHA in 1978 are shown below. Contact your State Department of Health and/or applicable regulatory agency for specific guidance on medical management recommendations.

See Compliance Statement B: www.aruplab.com/CS
Statement B: This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved or cleared this test; however, FDA clearance or approval is not currently required for clinical use. The results are not intended to be used as the sole means for clinical diagnosis or patient management decisions.
Concentration Comment
5-​9.9 µg/dL Adverse health effects are possible, particularly in pregnant women. Discuss health risks associated with continued lead exposure. For women who are or may become pregnant, reduce lead exposure.
10-​19.9 µg/dL Reduced lead exposure and increased biological monitoring are recommended.
20-​69.9 µg/dL Removal from lead exposure and prompt medical evaluation are recommended. Consider chelation therapy when concentrations exceed  50 µg/dL and symptoms of lead toxicity are present.
Greater than 69.9 µg/dL Critical.  Immediate medical evaluation is recommended. Consider chelation therapy when symptoms of lead toxicity are present.

Action required for workers with Elevated Lead Values OSHA, Occupational Exposure to Lead, 1978
No. of Tests Lead Action Required
1 Greater than or equal to 40.0 µg/dL Notification of worker in writing; medical examination of worker and consultation.
3 (average) Greater than or equal to 50.0 µg/dL Removal of worker from job with potential lead exposure.
1 Greater than or equal to 60.0 µg/dL Removal of worker from job with potential lead exposure.
2 Less than 40.0 µg/dL Reinstatement of worker in job with potential lead exposure is based upon symptoms and medical evaluation.
  OSHA requirements in effect since 1978 call for the measurement of whole blood lead and zinc protoporphyrins (ZPP) (NCCLS document C42-​A, Nov. 1996) to evaluate the occupational exposure to lead. OSHA requires ZPP whole blood testing to be reported in units of µg/dL. For adults, conversion of ZPP units of µg/dL whole blood assumes a hematocrit of 45 percent. Conversion factor: umol/mol heme x 0.584= µg/dL.
CPT Code(s)
83655; 84202
Component Test Code*Component Chart NameLOINC
0020606Zinc Protoporphyrin - Ratio to Hgb29763-0
0020613Zinc Protoporphyrin, Blood2895-1
0025015Lead, Industrial, Whole Blood5671-3
* Component test codes cannot be used to order tests. The information provided here is not sufficient for interface builds; for a complete test mix, please click the sidebar link to access the Interface Map.
  • BLL
  • Blood Lead Level
  • Blood Lead Test
  • Lead
  • Lead Exposure
  • Lead, blood
  • Pb